Basic Mountain Biking Techniques

//Basic Mountain Biking Techniques

Basic Mountain Biking Techniques

You don’t want mountains to travel mountain biking . around any off-pavement riding can reward you with recent air, nice exercise and—if hills or mountains are present—the joyfulness of scenic views and long downhill stretches.

Mountain biking will need some completely different skills than road sport. this text shares basic techniques to assist you start.

Body Position

Perhaps the most important key to triple-crown mountain biking is your body position.

Mountain bike path surfaces embrace rocks, roots, ruts, sand or mud. The variable tract and also the potential obstacles ar all a part of the fun however are often alarming to beginners. Being within the right body position helps you get through tough sections of path.

There ar 2 primary body positions: neutral and prepared.

Neutral Position

When you’re riding non-technical sections of path, you wish to be in a very neutral position on the bike. This keeps you rolling on expeditiously and well whereas permitting you to simply transition into the prepared position for technical tract. The neutral position includes:

•Level pedals that are equally weighted

•A slight bend within the knees and elbows

•Index fingers on the brake levers 100% of the time (rim brakes usually need a pair of fingers)

•Eyes wanting forward concerning fifteen to twenty linear unit. ahead; look wherever you wish to travel, not wherever you don’t

Ready Position

When the path gets vessel or rockier, it’s time to maneuver into the prepared position (sometimes referred to as the attack position). The prepared position gets you mentally and physically ready to require on technical sections of path. The prepared position includes:

•Level pedals that ar equally weighted

•A deep bend within the knees and elbows (think of constructing chicken wings along with your arms with a 90-degree bend.)

•Rear finish off the seat and hips shifted back

•Your back is flat and nearly parallel to the bottom

•Index fingers on the brake levers 100% of the time (rim brakes usually need a pair of fingers)

•Eyes forward wanting concerning fifteen to twenty linear unit. ahead; look wherever you wish to travel, not wherever you don’t

Adjusting Your Seat Position

Positioning your seat properly will assist you get within the correct body position for rising and down.

Climbing: For rising, position your seat for optimum potency whereas pedaling. along with your foot at the lowest of the pedal stroke, you must see a small bend within the leg, reaching concerning 80-90 p.c of full leg extension. This helps you pedal expeditiously and powerfully victimisation your major leg muscles.

Descending: once it’s time to descend, drop your seat concerning a pair of or three inches from the peak you set it at for rising hills. Lowering your seat lowers your center of gravity, which supplies you higher management and a lot of confidence through steep descents. you will got to experiment with completely different seat heights to search out what feels best.

Learn a lot of technique for rising and down in our Mountain Biking: Climbs and Descents article.

Picking a Line

A beginner’s mistake is watching spots you wish to avoid instead of that specialize in wherever you wish to travel. decide a path and persist with it to induce over and around tough sections of path.

What hazards do you have to look for? That depends on your ability level. A log that may stop one bicyclist could also be a fun bunny-hop for an additional. Generally, search for loose rocks, deep sand, water, wet roots, logs and different cyclists, hikers, and animals.

To find your line: scan ahead for hazards by wanting concerning fifteen – twenty linear unit. down the path. Then, move your eyes back toward your tire. Doing this up-and-back action permits your eyes to require in legion data. Knowing hazards earlier than time will assist you regulate your balance and decide a line around them.

Braking

Braking looks simple: you squeeze the levers and also the bike slows down. that’s the gist of it, however learning a lot of concerning manner to|a way to} brake goes an extended way in creating you lighter and secure on the bike.

How to Brake

Braking ought to be consistent and controlled. Most of your braking power comes from your front brake, however grabbing a couple of front brake can send you over the bars. Instead, gently apply the brakes, and do therefore equally on the front and back brakes. Avoid fast, quick squeezes to assist forestall skidding.

While braking, brace yourself by moving your hips back, dropping your heels down and keeping a small bend in your knees and elbows. This body position helps you keep au fait and from obtaining too so much forward on the bike.

If your all-terrain bike has disc brakes, keep the forefinger of every hand on the brake levers and your different 3 fingers on the bar grips. this provides you comfortable braking power and management whereas riding. If you have got rim brakes, attempt 2 fingers on the brake levers since they usually need a lot of force to interact the brakes

When to Brake

When approaching a flip, brake before you hit the flip, then let your momentum carry you thru. this enables you to target your technique through the flip and exit the flip with speed.

Momentum may be your friend once obtaining up and over obstacles within the path. Beginner riders usually slow means down once approaching obstacles. Controlled momentum will assist you get through these tough sections of path.

Shifting

Since most mountain biking involves a minimum of some ups and downs, it’s sensible to grasp a way to shift your gears properly. correct shifting habits not solely save wear and tear on your bike (especially your chain, front container and rear cogs), they allow you to power yourself a lot of expeditiously up and down hills.

Shift often: starting riders ought to apply frequent gear shifting. This builds LTM therefore you’ll be able to intuitively shift up or down pro re Nata while not having to suppose whether or not you’re shifting to a better or tougher gear.

Shift early: Don’t wait to shift till you’ve already started up that huge hill. forever shift to the gear you’ll want before you hit the steep tract. this enables you to stay a gentle sport cadence for optimum power. It conjointly prevents awkward shifting beneath a load that’s laborious on your gears and will cause your chain to pop off.

If you have got bother finding the correct gear for the tract you’re riding, err on the aspect of spinning in a better gear than mashing in a very laborious gear.

Another vital rule is to forestall cross-chaining. this happens once your chain is stretched awkwardly across from the tiny chain-ring within the front to the tiny cog within the rear, or the large chain-ring within the front to the large cog within the rear. this is true for double and triple chain-ring setups. Cross-chaining may end up in your chain pop removed from the strain; it conjointly stretches your chain over time, shortening its time period.

Finally, forever bear in mind to stay pedaling as you’re shifting. Not pedaling as you shift will harm or break the chain.

Learn a lot of concerning shifting in our Bike Gears and Shifting Basics article.

Falling Off

No one likes to fall off a motorbike, however if you’re mountain biking, it’ll in all probability happen at some purpose.

When you fall off your bike, try and keep your arms in. Your instinct could also be to succeed in resolute brace your fall, however this will end in a broken gliding joint or clavicle.

During a fall, most harm is restricted to non-public pride. decide yourself up, mud off and check to form certain you’re not lac. Then check your bike. The seat or bar might have twisted and also the chain might have come back off.

Check your brakes and gears, too, before charging on. A trail-side repair or adjustment could also be required, therefore it’s knowing carry a multi-tool and a little outfit to patch any personal scrapes.

Hiking the Bike

As you ride the paths, you’re sure to get into a decent spot eventually. If you get in a very rut on the path, do not “fight the bike.” simply do your best to ride it out. Impossible? There’s no shame in stopping and walking it out. Walking is completely associate degree accepted a part of mountain biking. several trails feature obligatory hike-a-bike sections that are too tough to ride through, up or down.

Trail rule

Mountain biking is usually done on trails or roads shared with different users, like hikers and horses. forever be a courteous and accountable rider and be au fait of your bike. Ride solely on trails receptive all-terrain bike use. Here ar a number of the foremost vital rules:

•Always yield right-of-way to cyclists traveling uphill (in single-track, stop fully and carry the bike out of the trail).

•Slow down once approaching hikers or horses and provides them a good berth. an honest approach to managing horses is to require direction from the equestrian.

•Let different path users apprehend you’re coming back  — provides a friendly salutation.

You don’t want mountains to travel mountain biking. around any off-pavement riding can reward you with recent air, nice exercise and—if hills or mountains are present—the joyfulness of scenic views and long downhill stretches.

Mountain biking will need some completely different skills than road sport. this text shares basic techniques to assist you start.

Body Position

Perhaps the most important key to triple-crown mountain biking is your body position.

Mountain bike path surfaces embrace rocks, roots, ruts, sand or mud. The variable tract and also the potential obstacles are all a part of the fun however are often alarming to beginners. Being within the right body position helps you get through tough sections of path.

There are 2 primary body positions: neutral and prepared.

Neutral Position

When you’re riding non-technical sections of path, you wish to be in a very neutral position on the bike. This keeps you rolling on expeditiously and well whereas permitting you to simply transition into the prepared position for technical tract. The neutral position includes:

•Level pedals that ar equally weighted

•A slight bend within the knees and elbows

•Index fingers on the brake levers 100% of the time (rim brakes usually need a pair of fingers)

•Eyes wanting forward concerning fifteen to twenty linear unit. ahead; look wherever you wish to travel, not wherever you don’t

Ready Position

When the path gets vessel or rockier, it’s time to maneuver into the prepared position (sometimes referred to as the attack position). The prepared position gets you mentally and physically ready to require on technical sections of path. The prepared position includes:

•Level pedals that are equally weighted

•A deep bend within the knees and elbows (think of constructing chicken wings along with your arms with a 90-degree bend.)

•Rear finish off the seat and hips shifted back

•Your back is flat and nearly parallel to the bottom

•Index fingers on the brake levers 100% of the time (rim brakes usually need a pair of fingers)

•Eyes forward wanting concerning fifteen to twenty linear unit. ahead; look wherever you wish to travel, not wherever you don’t

Adjusting Your Seat Position

Positioning your seat properly will assist you get within the correct body position for rising and down.

Climbing: For rising, position your seat for optimum potency whereas pedaling. along with your foot at the lowest of the pedal stroke, you must see a small bend within the leg, reaching concerning 80-90 p.c of full leg extension. This helps you pedal expeditiously and powerfully victimisation your major leg muscles.

Descending: once it’s time to descend, drop your seat concerning a pair of or three inches from the peak you set it at for rising hills. Lowering your seat lowers your center of gravity, which supplies you higher management and a lot of confidence through steep descents. you will got to experiment with completely different seat heights to search out what feels best.

Learn a lot of technique for rising and down in our Mountain Biking: Climbs and Descents article.

Picking a Line

A beginner’s mistake is watching spots you wish to avoid instead of that specialize in wherever you wish to travel. decide a path and persist with it to induce over and around tough sections of path.

What hazards do you have to look for? That depends on your ability level. A log that may stop one bicyclist could also be a fun bunny-hop for an additional. Generally, search for loose rocks, deep sand, water, wet roots, logs and different cyclists, hikers, and animals.

To find your line: scan ahead for hazards by wanting concerning fifteen – twenty linear unit. down the path. Then, move your eyes back toward your tire. Doing this up-and-back action permits your eyes to require in legion data. Knowing hazards earlier than time will assist you regulate your balance and decide a line around them.

Braking

Braking looks simple: you squeeze the levers and also the bike slows down. that’s the gist of it, however learning a lot of concerning manner to a way to brake goes an extended way in creating you lighter and secure on the bike.

How to Brake

Braking ought to be consistent and controlled. Most of your braking power comes from your front brake, however grabbing a couple of front brake can send you over the bars. Instead, gently apply the brakes, and do therefore equally on the front and back brakes. Avoid fast, quick squeezes to assist forestall skidding.

While braking, brace yourself by moving your hips back, dropping your heels down and keeping a small bend in your knees and elbows. This body position helps you keep au fait and from obtaining too so much forward on the bike.

If your all-terrain bike has disc brakes, keep the forefinger of every hand on the brake levers and your different 3 fingers on the bar grips. this provides you comfortable braking power and management whereas riding. If you have got rim brakes, attempt 2 fingers on the brake levers since they usually need a lot of force to interact the brakes

When to Brake

When approaching a flip, brake before you hit the flip, then let your momentum carry you thru. this enables you to target your technique through the flip and exit the flip with speed.

Momentum may be your friend once obtaining up and over obstacles within the path. Beginner riders usually slow means down once approaching obstacles. Controlled momentum will assist you get through these tough sections of path.

Shifting

Since most mountain biking involves a minimum of some ups and downs, it’s sensible to grasp a way to shift your gears properly. correct shifting habits not solely save wear and tear on your bike (especially your chain, front container and rear cogs), they allow you to power yourself a lot of expeditiously up and down hills.

Shift often: starting riders ought to apply frequent gear shifting. This builds LTM therefore you’ll be able to intuitively shift up or down pro re nata while not having to suppose whether or not you’re shifting to a better or tougher gear.

Shift early: Don’t wait to shift till you’ve already started up that huge hill. forever shift to the gear you’ll want before you hit the steep tract. this enables you to stay a gentle sport cadence for optimum power. It conjointly prevents awkward shifting beneath a load that’s laborious on your gears and will cause your chain to pop off.

If you have got bother finding the correct gear for the tract you’re riding, err on the aspect of spinning in a better gear than mashing in a very laborious gear.

Another vital rule is to forestall cross-chaining. this happens once your chain is stretched awkwardly across from the tiny chain-ring within the front to the tiny cog within the rear, or the large chain ring within the front to the large cog within the rear. this is true for double and triple chain-ring setups. Cross-chaining may end up in your chain pop removed from the strain; it conjointly stretches your chain over time, shortening its time period.

Finally, forever bear in mind to stay pedaling as you’re shifting. Not pedaling as you shift will harm or break the chain.

Falling Off

No one likes to fall off a motorbike, however if you’re mountain biking, it’ll in all probability happen at some purpose.

When you fall off your bike, try and keep your arms in. Your instinct could also be to succeed in resolute brace your fall, however this will end in a broken gliding joint or clavicle.

During a fall, most harm is restricted to non-public pride. decide yourself up, mud off and check to form certain you’re not lac. Then check your bike. The seat or bar might have twisted and also the chain might have come back off.

Check your brakes and gears, too, before charging on. A trail side repair or adjustment could also be required, therefore it’s knowing carry a multi-tool and a little outfit to patch any personal scrapes.

Hiking the Bike

As you ride the paths, you’re sure to get into a decent spot eventually. If you get in a very rut on the path, do not “fight the bike.” simply do your best to ride it out. Impossible? There’s no shame in stopping and walking it out. Walking is completely associate degree accepted a part of mountain biking. several trails feature obligatory hike-a-bike sections that are too tough to ride through, up or down.

Trail rule

Mountain biking is usually done on trails or roads shared with different users, like hikers and horses. forever be a courteous and accountable rider and be au fait of your bike. Ride solely on trails receptive all-terrain bike use. Here are a number of the foremost vital rules:

•Always yield right-of-way to cyclists traveling uphill (in single-track, stop fully and carry the bike out of the trail).

•Slow down once approaching hikers or horses and provides them a good berth. an honest approach to managing horses is to require direction from the equestrian.

•Let different path users apprehend you’re coming back  — provides a friendly salutation.

 

By |2019-01-04T09:24:52+00:00December 20th, 2018|Moutain Bikers|0 Comments

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